Technology these days can deliver information regarding your health—encoded in your genes—straight from the lab to your desktop. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and its unique chemical code controls the development, growth, and health of an organism, and can also tell you alot about a person’s physical condition and medical ailments.
The human body is made up of millions of cells, each carrying with it a set of a person’s genetic instructions. The complete set of genetic instructions make up its genome, which itself is made up of DNA. And whether it’s a brain cell or skin cell, the genome is the same in each.
The following are 9 online resources for analyzing your DNA. These companies use the latest innovations in big data analytics and the cloud to deliver cost-effective DNA analysis to your desktop.
One of the more recognizable names in personal genetics, 23andme offers DNA testing, personal health information and ancestry-related resources. The service can help you determine your ancestral origins, what percentage you are neanderthal, your risk for certain diseases, and more.
Boasting around 10 billion entries and 34 million family trees, Ancestry DNA is considered one of the world’s largest consumer DNA databases. As its name implies, the company focuses on providing information regarding family origins—so for discovering people with shared DNA (i.e., distant cousins) or mapping your ethnic roots far back in history, this is the tool for the job.
This Iceland-based DNA analysis company primarily focuses on generation and analysis of whole sequence data for large scale genetic studies. The company is actively discovering genetic risk factors for a number of common diseases and identifying genetic variations and their associations with human diseases. deCODE also publishes its findings in peer reviewed journals.
Family Tree DNA is another online DNA resource for determining your origins. It’s reputed to have the most comprehensive ancestry database. With this offering, you can determine your ethnic origin, map out your maternal/paternal lineage, discover unknown family members and validate uncertain relationships, and more. The service even offers an option to easily import data from competitors Ancestry DNA and 23andme.
Gene by Gene offers two types of services: clinical-based DNA analysis and research-based DNA analysis. Like its competitors, the service includes an array of personal DNA testing services for consumers. The firm also offers more specialized services such as specific gene tests, chromosomal microarrays, facility of carrier screening, whole genome/exome sequencing, and more.
Gene Planet’s genetic testing and analysis services are designed to help people improve their personal well-being. For example, after informing subjects of their genetic susceptibility to common diseases, the service offers preventative measures and guidelines for healthy living.
African Ancestry caters to those with African bloodlines who wish to learn more specifics about their heritage. The company possesses one of the most comprehensive databases of indigenous African genetic sequences. It can trace a user’s ancestry back to a specific present-day African country of origin, a specific African ethnic groups that existed centuries ago, and more.
Oxford Ancestors uses mitochondrial DNA to accurately trace maternal ancestry. Widely considered the pioneer in DNA analysis for tracing ancestral origins, the firm mostly caters to those of European descent.
Roots for Real offers ancestral tracing services that use mtDNA and Y-DNA for finding genetic matches in its global database. The service offers detailed population or tribal information on individual matches, matching with various historic personalities throughout the ages using Y-DNA, the tracing of European roots, and more.
Today’s online DNA analysis services are mostly focused on tracing an individual’s ancestral origins or improving their personal health. However, they are also paving the way for more broad advancements in the general well-being of humans. The rapid and comprehensive exchange of personal genetic information—made possible by the cloud and big data—will invariably lead to the cures for many diseases.